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Native Plant Guide

Information and Services for King County, Washington

black cottonwood

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Black cottonwood entire tree
© Greg Rabourn
Black cottonwood entire tree (enlarge)
Black cottonwood leaves

Populus balsamifera

Deciduous Tree

Height: 160 ft.

Availability: Medium

Growing ease: High

Moisture req.: moist - wet

Exposure req.: sun - part shade


Plant description:

Super fast growing. A great tree for creating a quick forest. Keep away from structures as it is known to break. Dumps loads of cotton (actually seeds) into the air in late spring. A fantastic wildlife tree that provide nesting for birds and leaves for butterfly larvae. Also a popular snack for beaver, deer and elk.

Keywords: birds, butterflies, fast, fire-resistant , upright, white, yellow